Type II Diabetes, also known as non-insulin-dependent Diabetes Mellitus (NIDDM), is a metabolic condition where the body has difficulty processing glucose (sugar). When we eat, our body releases a hormone called insulin to help move glucose from the bloodstream into cells where it can be used for energy. In Type II Diabetes, this process doesn’t work properly.
Normally, when there is too much glucose in the blood, insulin levels rise, and the cells take in the excess glucose. However, in Type II Diabetes, the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin. This means that even though there is enough insulin, the cells don’t respond as they should, and glucose remains in the blood at high levels. Over time, this chronic elevation of blood glucose can cause various health problems.
If left untreated, Type II Diabetes can lead to serious and chronic conditions such as stroke, kidney disease, blindness, and the need for amputation. While obesity is often associated with Type II Diabetes, it is important to note that the condition can also be strongly influenced by genetics and family history.
Treatment for Type II Diabetes involves a combination of lifestyle changes and medications. Increasing physical activity and making dietary changes, such as eating a balanced and healthy diet, can help manage blood sugar levels. Regular monitoring of blood glucose levels is important to keep them within a healthy range. Medications may also be prescribed to help the body better respond to insulin or to control blood sugar levels. In some cases, supplemental insulin may be needed to assist with the metabolism of glucose in the blood. Managing Type II Diabetes requires self-management and working closely with healthcare professionals to ensure the best possible control of blood sugar levels.